OverviewMethodsHistoryStatisticsGold ore processingBusinessAdverse effectsSafety
Placer mining is the technique by which gold that has accumulated in a placer deposit is extracted. Placer depositsposed of relatively loose material that makes tunnelling difficult, and so most means of extracting it involve the use of water or dredging.
Gold panning is mostly a manual technique of separating gold from other materials. Wide, shallow pans are filled with sand and gravel that may contain gold. The pan is submerged in water and shaken, sortin